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ANNA UNIVERSITY CHENNAI: CHENNAI – 600 025
B.E DEGREE PROGRAMME ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING
(Offered in Colleges affiliated to Anna University)
CURRICULUM AND SYLLABUS – REGULATIONS – 2004
|MA 1201||Mathematics – III||3|| |
|CY 1201||Environmental Science and Engineering||3|| |
|EE 1201||Electromagnetic Theory||3|| |
|EE 1202||Electrical Machines – I||3|| |
|EC 1211||Electronic Devices||3|| |
|CS 1211||Data Structures and Algorithms||3|| |
|EE 1203||Electrical Machines Laboratory – I||0|| |
|CS 1212||Data Structures and Algorithms Laboratory||0|| |
|EE 1152||Electric Circuits lab||0|| |
The course aims to develop the skills of the students in the areas of boundary value problems and transform techniques. This will be necessary for their effective studies in a large number of engineering subjects like heat conduction, communication systems, electro-optics and electromagnetic theory. The course will also serve as a prerequisite for post graduate and specialized studies and research.
At the end of the course the students would
i. Be capable of mathematically formulating certain practical problems in terms of partial differential equations , solve them and physically interpret the results.
ii. Have gained a well founded knowledge of Fourier series, their different possible forms and the frequently needed practical harmonic analysis that an engineer may have to make from discrete data.
iii. Have obtained capacity to formulate and identify certain boundary value problems encountered in engineering practices, decide on applicability of the Fourier series method of solution, solve them and interpret the results.
iv. Have grasped the concept of expression of a function, under certain conditions, as a double integral leading to identification of transform pair, and specialization to Fourier transform pair, their properties, and possible special cases with attention to their applications.
v. Have learnt the basics of Z – transform in its applicability to discretely varying functions, gained the skill to formulate certain problems in terms of difference equations and solve them using the Z – transform technique bringing out the elegance of the procedure involved.
Formation of partial differential equations by elimination of arbitrary constants and arbitrary functions – Solution of standard types of first order partial differential equations – Lagrange’s linear equation – Linear partial differential equations of second and higher order with constant coefficients.
Dirichlet’s conditions – General Fourier series – Odd and even functions – Half range sine series – Half range cosine series – Complex form of Fourier Series – Parseval’s identify – Harmonic Analysis.
Classification of second order quasi-linear partial differential equations – Solutions of one-dimensional wave equation – One dimensional heat equation – Steady state solution of two-dimensional heat equation (Insulated edges excluded) – Fourier series solutions in Cartesian coordinates.
Fourier integral theorem (without proof) – Fourier transform pair – Sine and
Cosine transforms – Properties – Transforms of simple functions – Convolution theorem – Parseval’s identity.
Z-transform - Elementary properties – Inverse Z – transform – Convolution theorem -Formation of difference equations – Solution of difference equations using Z - transform.
L = 45 T = 15 Total = 60
1. B.S. Grewal, ‘Higher Engineering Mathematics’, Thirty Sixth Edition, Khanna Publishers, Delhi, 2001.
2. P. Kandasamy, K. Thilagavathy, and K. Gunavathy, ‘Engineering Mathematics’, Vol. III, S. Chand & Company ltd., New Delhi, 1996.
3. Wylie C. Ray and C. Barrett Louis, ‘Advanced Engineering Mathematics’, Sixth Edition, McGraw Hill, Inc., New York, 1995.
1. L.A. Andrews, and B.K. Shivamoggi, ‘Integral Transforms for Engineers and Applied Mathematicians’, Prentice Hall of India, 1988.
2. S. Narayanan, T.K. Manicavachagom Pillay and G. Ramaniah, ‘Advanced Mathematics for Engineering Students’, Volumes II and III, S. Viswanathan (Printers and Publishers) Pvt. Ltd. Chennai, 2002.
3. R.V. Churchill and J.W. Brown, ‘Fourier Series and Boundary Value Problems’, Fourth Edition, McGraw Hill Book Co., Singapore, 1987.
The aim of this course is to create awareness in every engineering graduate about the importance of environment, the effect of technology on the environment and ecological balance and make him/her sensitive to the environment problems in every professional endeavour that he/she participates.
At the end of this course the student is expected to understand what constitutes the environment, what are precious resources in the environment, how to conserve these resources, what is the role of a human being in maintaining a clean environment and useful environment for the future generations and how to maintain ecological balance and preserve bio-diversity.
Definition, scope and importance – Need for public awareness – Forest resources: Use and over-exploitation, deforestation, case studies. Timber extraction, mining, dams and their effects on forests and tribal people – Water resources: Use and over-utilization of surface and ground water, floods, drought, conflicts over water, dams-benefits and problems – Mineral resources: Use and exploitation, environmental effects of extracting and using mineral resources, case studies – Food resources: World food problems, changes caused by agriculture and overgrazing, effects of modern agriculture, fertilizer-pesticide problems, water logging, salinity, case studies – Energy resources: Growing energy needs, renewable and non renewable energy sources, use of alternate energy sources. case studies – Land resources: Land as a resource, land degradation, man induced landslides, soil erosion and desertification – Role of an individual in conservation of natural resources – Equitable use of resources for sustainable lifestyles.
Field study of local area to document environmental assets – river / forest / grassland / hill / mountain.
Concept of an ecosystem – Structure and function of an ecosystem – Producers, consumers and decomposers – Energy flow in the ecosystem – Ecological succession – Food chains, food webs and ecological pyramids – Introduction, types, characteristic features, structure and function of the (a) Forest ecosystem (b) Grassland ecosystem (c) Desert ecosystem (d) Aquatic ecosystems (ponds, streams, lakes, rivers, oceans, estuaries) – Introduction to biodiversity – Definition: genetic, species and ecosystem diversity – Biogeographical classification of India – Value of biodiversity: consumptive use, productive use, social, ethical, aesthetic and option values – Biodiversity at global, National and local levels – India as a mega-diversity nation – Hot-spots of biodiversity – Threats to biodiversity: habitat loss, poaching of wildlife, man-wildlife conflicts – Endangered and endemic species of India – Conservation of biodiversity: In-situ and Ex-situ conservation of biodiversity. (Field study of common plants, insects, birds Field study of simple ecosystems – pond, river, hill slopes, etc. )
Definition – Causes, effects and control measures of: (a) Air pollution (b) Water pollution (c) Soil pollution (d) Marine pollution (e) Noise pollution (f) Thermal pollution (g) Nuclear hazards – Soil waste management: Causes, effects and control measures of urban and industrial wastes – Role of an individual in prevention of pollution – Pollution case studies – Disaster management: floods, earthquake, cyclone and landslides.
Field study of local polluted site – Urban / Rural / Industrial / Agricultural.
From unsustainable to sustainable development – Urban problems related to energy – Water conservation, rain water harvesting, watershed management – Resettlement and rehabilitation of people; its problems and concerns, case studies – Environmental ethics: Issues and possible solutions – Climate change, global warming, acid rain, ozone layer depletion, nuclear accidents and holocaust, case studies. – Wasteland reclamation – Consumerism and waste products – Environment production act – Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) act – Water (Prevention and control of Pollution) act – Wildlife protection act – Forest conservation act – Issues involved in enforcement of environmental legislation – Public awareness.
Population growth, variation among nations – Population explosion – Family welfare programme – Environment and human health – Human rights – Value education – HIV / AIDS – Women and child welfare – Role of information technology in environment and human health – Case studies.
L = 45 Total = 45
1. Gilbert M.Masters, ‘Introduction to Environmental Engineering and Science’, 2nd edition, Pearson Education, 2004.
2. T.G. Jr. Miller, ‘Environmental Science’, Wadsworth Publishing Co.
3. C. Townsend, J. Harper and Michael Begon, ‘Essentials of Ecology’, Blackwell Science.
4. R.K. Trivedi and P.K. Goel, ‘Introduction to Air Pollution’, Techno-Science Publications.
1. Bharucha Erach, ‘The Biodiversity of India’, Mapin Publishing Pvt. Ltd., Ahmedabad India, Email: firstname.lastname@example.org.
2. R.K. Trivedi, ‘Handbook of Environmental Laws, Rules, Guidelines, Compliances and Standards’, Vol. I and II, Enviro Media.
3. Cunningham, W.P. Cooper, T.H. Gorhani, ‘Environmental Encyclopedia’, Jaico Publ., House, Mumbai, 2001.
4. K.D. Wager, ‘Environmental Management’, W.B. Saunders Co., Philadelphia, USA, 1998.
To expose the students to the fundamentals of electromagnetic fields and their applications in Electrical Engineering .
To impart knowledge on
i. Concepts of electrostatics, electrical potential, energy density and their applications.
ii. Concepts of magnetostatics, magnetic flux density, scalar and vector potential and its applications.
iii. Faraday’s laws, induced emf and their applications.
iv. Concepts of electromagnetic waves and Poynting vector.
v. Field modeling and computation with relevant software.
Sources and effects of electromagnetic fields – Vector fields – Different co-ordinate systems - Divergence theorem – Stoke’s theorem.
2. ELECTROSTATICS 10
Coulomb’s Law – Electric field intensity – Field due to point and continuous charges – Gauss’s law and application – Electrical potential – Electric field and equipotential plots – Electric field in free space, conductors, dielectric – Dielectric polarization, Electric field in multiple dielectrics – boundary conditions, Poisson’s and Laplace’s equations – Capacitance-energy density – Dielectric strength.
3. MAGNETOSTATICS 9
Lorentz Law of force, magnetic field intensity – Biot–savart Law - Ampere’s Law – Magnetic field due to straight conductors, circular loop, infinite sheet of current – Magnetic flux density (B) – B in free space, conductor, magnetic materials – Magnetization – Magnetic field in multiple media – Boundary conditions – Scalar and vector potential – Magnetic force – Torque – Inductance – Energy density – Magnetic circuits.
4. ELECTRODYNAMIC FIELDS 8
Faraday’s laws, induced emf – Transformer and motional EMF, Maxwell’s equations (differential and integral forms) – Displacement current – Relation between field theory and circuit theory.
5. ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVES 9
Generation – Electro Magnetic Wave equations – Wave parameters; velocity, intrinsic impedance, propagation constant – Waves in free space, lossy and lossless dielectrics, conductors-skin depth, Poynting vector – Plane wave reflection and refraction.
1. John.D.Kraus, ‘Electromagnetics’, McGraw Hill book Co., New York, Fourth Edition, 1991.
2. William .H.Hayt, ‘Engineering Electromagnetics’, Tata McGraw Hill edition, 2001.
1. Joseph. A.Edminister, ‘Theory and Problems of Electromagnetics’, Second edition, Schaum Series, Tata McGraw Hill, 1993.
2. I.J. Nagrath, D.P. Kothari, ‘Electric Machines’, Tata McGraw Hill Publishing Co Ltd, Second Edition, 1997.
3. Kraus and Fleish, ‘Electromagnetics with Applications’, McGraw Hill International Editions, Fifth Edition, 1999.
4. Sadiku, ‘Elements of Electromagnetics’, Second edition, Oxford University Press, 1995.
EE 1202 ELECTRICAL MACHINES – I 3 1 0 100
To expose the students to the concepts of electromechanical energy conversions in D.C. machines and energy transfer in transformers and to analyse their performance.
i. To introduce the concept of rotating machines and the principle of electromechanical energy conversion in single and multiple excited systems.
ii. To understand the generation of D.C. voltages by using different type of generators and study their performance.
iii. To study the working principles of D.C. motors and their load characteristics, starting and methods of speed control.
iv. To familiarize with the constructional details of different type of transformers, working principle and their performance.
v. To estimate the various losses taking place in D.C. machines and transformers and to study the different testing method to arrive at their performance.
Principles of electromechanical energy conversion – Single and multiple excited systems – m.m.f of distributed A.C. windings – Rotating magnetic field – Generated voltage – Torque in round rotor machine.
Constructional details – emf equation – Methods of excitation – Self and separately excited generators – Characteristics of series, shunt and compound generators – Armature reaction and commutation – Parallel operation of DC shunt and compound generators.
Principle of operation – Back emf and torque equation – Characteristics of series, shunt and compound motors – Starting of DC motors – Types of starters – Speed control of DC series and shunt motors.
Constructional details of core and shell type transformers – Types of windings – Principle of operation – emf equation – Transformation ratio – Transformer on no-load – Parameters referred to HV / LV windings – Equivalent circuit – Transformer on load – Regulation – Parallel operation of single phase transformers – Auto transformer – Three phase transformers – Vector group.
Losses and efficiency in DC machines and transformers – Condition for maximum efficiency – Testing of DC machines – Brake test, Swinburne’s test, Retardation test and Hopkinson’s test – Testing of transformers – Polarity test, load test, open circuit and short circuit tests – All day efficiency.
L = 45 T = 15 Total = 60
1. D.P. Kothari and I.J. Nagrath, ‘Electric Machines’, Tata McGraw Hill Publishing Company Ltd, 2002.
2. P.S. Bimbhra, ‘Electrical Machinery’, Khanna Publishers, 2003.
1. A.E. Fitzgerald, Charles Kingsley, Stephen.D.Umans, ‘Electric Machinery’, Tata McGraw Hill publishing Company Ltd, 2003.
2. J.B. Gupta, ‘Theory and Performance of Electrical Machines’, S.K.Kataria and Sons, 2002.
3. K. Murugesh Kumar, ‘Electric Machines’, Vikas publishing house Pvt Ltd, 2002.
To study the characteristics and applications of electronic devices.
To acquaint the students with construction, theory and characteristics of the following electronic devices:
i) p-n junction diode
ii) Bipolar transistor
iii) Field Effect transistor
iv) LED, LCD and other photo electronic devices.
v) Power control/regulator devices.
Theory of p-n junction – p-n junction as diode – p-n diode currents – Volt-amp characteristics – Diode resistance – Temperature effect of p-n junction – Transition and diffusion capacitance of p-n diode – Diode switching times.
Junction transistor – Transistor construction – Detailed study of currents in transistor – Input and output characteristics of CE, CB and CC configurations – Transistor hybrid model for CE configuration – Analytical expressions for transistor characteristics – Transistor switching times – Voltage rating – Power transistors.
Junction field effect transistor – Pinch off voltage – JFET volt-ampere characteristics – JFET small signal model – MOSFETS and their characteristics – FET as a variable resistor – Unijunction transistor.
Photo emissivity and photo electric theory – Theory, construction and characteristics: light emitting diodes, liquid crystal cell, seven segment display, photo conductive cell, photodiode, solar cell, photo transistor, opto couplers and laser diode.
Theory, characteristics and application: SCR, TRIAC, PUT, tunnel diode, thermistors, piezo electric devices, zener diode, charge coupled devices, varactor diode and LDR.
1. Jacob. Millman, Christos C.Halkias, ‘Electronic Devices and Circuits’, Tata McGraw Hill Publishing Limited, New Delhi, 2003.
2. David A.Bell, ‘Electronic Devices and Circuits’, Prentice Hall of India Private Limited, New Delhi, 2003.
1. Theodre. F. Boghert, ‘Electronic Devices & Circuits’, Pearson Education, VI Edition, 2003.
2. Ben G. Streetman and Sanjay Banerjee, ‘Solid State Electronic Devices’, Pearson Education, 2002 / PHI
3. Allen Mottershead, ‘Electronic Devices and Circuits – An Introduction’, Prentice Hall of India Private Limited, New Delhi, 2003.
CS 1211 DATA STRUCTURES AND ALGORITHMS 3 1 0 100
To present the concept of arrays, recursion, stack, queue, linked list, trees and graph data
i. To introduce the concept of arrays, structures, pointers and recursion.
ii. To study stack, queue and linked list concepts.
iii. To study trees, representation of trees, tree traversal and basic operations on trees.
iv. To study some of the sorting and searching techniques.
v. To study the concept of graphs, traversal techniques and minimum spanning tree.
Abstract data types - Sequences as value definitions - Data types in C - Pointers in C -Data structures and C - Arrays in C - Array as ADT - One dimensional array -Implementing one dimensional array - Array as parameters - Two dimensional array -Structures in C - Implementing structures - Unions in C - Implementation of unions -Structure parameters - Allocation of storage and scope of variables.
Stack definition and examples – Primitive operations – Example - Representing stacks in C - Push and pop operation implementation.
Binary trees: Operations on binary trees - Applications of binary trees - Binary tree representation - Node representation of binary trees - Implicit array representation of binary tree – Binary tree traversal in C - Threaded binary tree - Representing list as binary tree - Finding the Kth element - Deleting an element.
General background of sorting: Efficiency considerations, Notations, Efficiency of sorting. Exchange sorts: Bubble sort; Quick sort; Selection sort; Binary tree sort; Heap sort. Heap as a priority queue - Sorting using a heap-heap sort procedure - Insertion sorts: Simple insertion - Shell sort - Address calculation sort - Merge sort -Radix sort.
Application of graph - C representation of graphs - Transitive closure - Warshall’s algorithm – Shortest path algorithm - Linked representation of graphs - Dijkstra’s algorithm - Graph traversal - Traversal methods for graphs - Spanning forests - Undirected graph and their traversals - Depth first traversal - Application of depth first traversal - Efficiency of depth first traversal - Breadth first traversal - Minimum spanning tree - Kruskal’s algorithm - Round robin algorithm.
1. Aaron M. Tenenbaum, Yeedidyah Langsam, Moshe J. Augenstein, ‘Data structures using C’, Pearson Education, 2004 / PHI.
1. E. Balagurusamy, ‘Programming in Ansi C’, Second Edition, Tata McGraw Hill
EE 1203 ELECTRICAL MACHINES LABORATORY – I 0 0 3 100
To expose the students to the operation of D.C. machines and transformers and give them experimental skill.
2. Load characteristics of D.C. compound generator with differential and cumulative connection
3. Load characteristics of D.C. shunt and compound motor
5. Load characteristics of D.C series motor
6. Swinburne’s test and speed control of D.C shunt motor
7. Hopkinson’s test on D.C motor – generator set
7. Load test on single-phase transformer and three phase transformer connections
8. Open circuit and short circuit tests on single phase transformer
9. Sumpner’s test on transformers
10. Separation of no-load losses in single phase transformer
To implement Quene, stack, linked lists and to implement search, sort and traversal technique.
2. Stack implementation-using arrays.
3. Singly, doubly and circular liked list implementation and all possible operations on lists.
4. Queue and Stack implementation using linked list
5. Binary search tree implementation using linked list and possible operations on binary search trees.
6. In-order, preorder and post order traversals.
7. Quick sort implementation and its efficiency calculation.
8. Binary Search implementation.
9. Graph implementation using arrays and list structure.
10. Depth first and Breadth first traversal in graphs.
EE 1152 ELECTRIC CIRCUITS LABORATORY 0 0 3 100
To impart hands on experience in verification of circuit laws and theorems, measurement of circuit parameters, study of circuit characteristics and simulation of time response.
1. Verification of Kirchoff’s voltage and current laws, Thevenin’s and Norton’s Theorems.
2. Study of oscilloscope and measurement of sinusoidal voltage, frequency and power factor.
3. Measurement of time constant of series R-C electric circuits.
4. Frequency response of RC and RL circuits.
5. Resonant frequency and frequency response of a series RLC circuit.
6. Study of the effect of Q on frequency response and bandwidth of series and parallel resonant circuits.
7. Study of low pass and high pass filters.
8. Measurement of real power, reactive power, power factor and impedance of RC, RL and RLC circuits using voltmeters and ammeters.
9. Power measurement in a three phase circuit by two Wattmeters.
10. Study of first and second order circuit transients by digital simulation.
P = 45 Total = 45
1. Paul B.Zbar, Gordon Rockmaker and David J.Bates, ‘Basic Electricity’, A text – Lab Manual, McGraw Hill, Seventh Edition - 2001.